Providing immediate and effective first aid to workers or others who have been injured or become ill at the workplace may reduce the severity of the injury or illness and promote recovery. In some cases it could mean the difference between life and death.
First aid requirements will vary from one workplace to the next, depending on the nature of the work, the type of hazards, the workplace size and location, as well as the number of people at the workplace. These factors must be taken into account when deciding what first aid arrangements need to be provided ( source: First Aid in the Workplace Code of Practice)
A PCBU (person conducting a business or undertaking) must ensure the following in relation to first aid at a workplace:
The risk management approach involves the following four steps (also refer to ‘First aid in workplaces’ code of practice for an example on how to determine first aid requirements):
A person conducting a business or undertaking has the primary duty under the WHS Act to ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, that workers and other persons are not exposed to health and safety risks arising from the business or undertaking.
The WHS Regulations place specific obligations on a person conducting a business or undertaking in relation to first aid, including requirements to:
A person conducting a business or undertaking may not need to provide first aid equipment or facilities if these are already provided by another duty holder at the workplace and they are adequate and easily accessible at the times that the workers carry out work.
The contents of a first aid room should suit the hazards that are specific to the workplace.
The location and size of the room should allow easy access and movement of injured people who may need to be supported or moved by stretcher or wheelchair.
The following items should be provided in the first aid room:
A first aid room should:
Maintaining the first aid room should be allocated to a trained occupational first aider, except where this room is part of a health centre or hospital.