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On 11 April 2019 the Australian Government assumed a caretaker role, with an election to be held 18 May 2019.
Information on websites maintained by Comcare will be published in accordance with the Guidance on Caretaker Conventions until after the election and conclusion of the caretaker period.

Managing hazards

To provide a high standard of health and safety protection to all workers, all the things that might go wrong during work activities need to be identified, assessed and where practical, remedied. This revolves around identifying hazards in the workplace and as a result of work activity.

The hazards contained in the following pages have been categorised into the following:

Health and safety duties

Every person involved in work has a duty under the WHS legislation. Some people may have multiple duties.

Person conducting a business or undertaking (PCBU)

A PCBU has the primary duty under the WHS Act to ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, that workers and others are not exposed to health and safety risks arising from the business or undertaking.


Officers such as company directors have a duty to exercise due diligence to make sure the business or undertaking complies with the WHS Act and Regulations. This includes taking reasonable steps to make sure the business or undertaking has and uses appropriate resources and processes to eliminate or minimise risks that arise.


Workers have a duty to take reasonable care for their own health and safety and that they do not adversely affect the health and safety of others. Workers must comply with any reasonable instruction and cooperate with any reasonable policy or procedure relating to health and safety at the workplace.

Workers include employees, contractors or subcontractors (and their employees), the employee of a labour hire company, outworker, apprentice, trainee, a student gaining work experience and volunteers.

Designers, manufacturers, suppliers, importers and installers

Designers, manufacturers, suppliers, importers and installers of plant, substances or structures that could be used for work must make sure, so far as is reasonably practicable, that the plant, substance or structure is without risks to health and safety.

Page last updated: 19 Oct 2016